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Museums of Naples

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The Underground Naples (Napoli sotterranea):

napoli_sotterranea_-_stanzazoo_stanze_affitto_napoliWalk across mysterious underground Naples!  Under the modern Naples is located a big labyrinth of caves 80 km long.  The first caves of a labyrinth arose because of production of a yellow tufa which was used for construction of houses in ancient Naples.  

In the Greek period of colonization was developed the whole system of catacombs which were used as tanks with water.  Also these underground labyrinths were used as secret shelters, cult rooms, catacombs and as a dump.  During the Second World War the underground constructions were used as an air-raid shelter.  Drawings on walls show fears and thoughts of the people who were looking for a safe place during the air raids.

There are two entrances to this underground museum:

One entrance is located at San Getano Square (Piazza San Gaetano 68).  Excursion lasts 2 hours.

The second entrance is at the Trieste and Trento Square (Piazza Trieste e Trento).

National Archaeological museum of Naples (Museo Archeologico Nazionale):

Address:  Muzeo Square (Piazza Museo), 19

300px-BattleofIssus333BC-mosaic-detail1The archaeological museum of Naples was built in 1787.  In the beginning in it were presented only exhibits from Herculaneum and Pompeii.  Now in this museum is presented one of the most significant archaeological collections in the whole world.

3628The building of a museum is divided into 4 exhibition parts (4 floors):

- Underground level: Egyptian collection

- First floor: the Greek and Roman sculptures from Campania, mosaic collection

-  Second floor:  mosaics, coins, medals

- Third floor: finds at excavation of Pompeii, pictures

Museum in a chapel of San Severo (Museo Capella Sansevero):

Cappella_san_SeveroAddress: Via De Sanctis 19, near San Domenico Maggiore Square (Piazza San Domenico Maggiore)

On Tuesdays the museum is closed.

s640x480In the museum are presented two mysterious anatomic mechanisms which were invented by prince Raimondo de Sangro (1710-1771). Anatomic mechanisms are two skeletons (from woman and man) with the hardened arteries. They remained up to now thanks to a special way of metallization of blood system.

Besides in this museum there is a well-known sculpture – “The Christ under a shroud” (Cristo Velato).

Capodimonte National museum (Museo Nazionale di Capodimonte):

Address:  via Miano, 2

imagesThe museum is located in the palace Reale di Capodimonte (Palazzo Reale di Capodimonte) on the territory of a beautiful park. In the museum is presented one of the biggest collections of pictures in Italy (from the Middle Ages up to nowadays), there are also collections of porcelain, glass products and ceramics. One of the well-known pictures exposed in this museum is “Vesuvius” by Andy Warhol (pop art 1985).