In 1995 the historical downtown of Naples became a cultural heritage of “UNESCO”. The one who walks across the old Naples, gets acquainted with characteristic life of citizens. You can see beautiful churches, the masters making traditional Christmas souvenirs- Christmas mangers, bars and pizzerias, and also some small markets.
The city was constructed by Greeks in 800 B.C. The city building was strict on lines: three main parallel roads (Decumani) were directed to the sea, and they were crossed by roads of the smaller size (Cardini). Today these three antique Greek-Roman roads conducting to the sea with their lanes make the historical center of Naples. The heart of the old part of the city is San Gaetano Square (Piazza San Gaetano). Near it there is an entrance to the museum of underground Naples.
Decumano Maggiore is the lane with the main sights of the old town of Naples: churches and palaces. It begins on Dante Square (Piazza Dante) and ends near the Capuano’s Castle.
Spaccanapoli is one more street conducting to the sea which “cuts” the old city on two parts. It passes directly from the Spanish quarter at the bottom of the hill of Vomero (Vomero) through the middle of the historical center to Forchella’s area (Forcella). From Vomero’s hill it is well visible how the street divides the center of Naples. On its way Spaccanapoli Road officially has 7 various names:
- Via Pasquale Scura in the Spanish quarter
- Via Maddaloni from via Toledo
- Via Benedetto Croce from the Piazza del Gesu Nuovo
- Via San Biagio dei Librai till via Duomo
- Via Vicaria Vecchia, Via Forcella, Via Giudecca Vecchia in the Forcella’s area
On this long street there are such sights as Naples Cathedral (Duomo di San Gennaro). It needs to be told that this saint (San Gennaro) is very much loved by Neapolitans. The well-known ceremony is also connected with it: three times a year in this cathedral a ceremony with its blood is carried out. Priests define density of its blood and if it is diluted, to the following ceremony everything will be good and if it isn’t diluted, there will be a trouble. For all historical period of these ceremonies only three times blood was dense, namely before a plague heat in the Middle Ages, before the second World War and before an earthquake in 1980. Also on this street there is the San Lorenzo Maggiore church, the entrance to underground Naples and the market with Christmas mangers.